2D and 3D Seismic Interpretation

An Intensive 5-Day Training Course

2D and 3D Seismic Interpretation

Seismic Interpretation for the Oil and Gas, Geothermal, Mining,
Environmental and Other Industries

Scheduled Dates

08 - 12 Jan 2024 Dubai - UAE $5,950
12 - 16 Feb 2024 Istanbul - Turkey $5,950
29 Jul - 02 Aug 2024 Istanbul - Turkey $5,950
11 - 15 Nov 2024 Dubai - UAE $5,950
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Why Choose this Training Course?

Why Choose this Training Course?

This PetroKnowledge 2D and 3D Seismic Interpretation training course will focus on reflection seismic, one of the fundamental ways of imaging the subsurface from a geological perspective. 2D and 3D Seismic Interpretation data is a major source of information in the oil industry for both onshore and offshore activities.

Recently this type of data has also been used in geothermal energy activities, carbon sequestration in geological reservoirs and wind energy, especially offshore. Other uses include mapping salt structures for use as natural gas reservoirs (gas caverns), delimiting mineral deposits among other activities involving imaging of the subsurface.

This 2D and 3D Seismic Interpretation training course will cover the main concepts underlying the interpretation of 2D and 3D seismic data, from its History, the methods of data acquisition, processing, visualization and software. Several mapping exercises will be done using seismic data - faults and horizons - and how they can be used to understand the structure, stratigraphy and geodynamics of a basin.

The perspective of hydrocarbon resources will be addressed through reserve and associated risk calculation exercises.

This PetroKnowledge training course will highlight:

  • Seismic acquisition and processing
  • 2D and 3D data visualization
  • Fault interpretation and structural models
  • Horizon and stratigraphic interpretation
  • Petroleum systems, volumetrics and risking

What are the Goals?

What are the Goals?

At the end of this 2D and 3D Seismic Interpretation training course, you will learn to:

  • Understand seismic data acquisition and processing
  • Visualize seismic data and develop interpretation capacity
  • Interpret and map faults and seismic horizons
  • Identify hydrocarbon accumulations using seismic data
  • Quantify and risk hydrocarbon accumulations

Who is this Training Course for?

Who is this Training Course for?

This PetroKnowledge training course is designed for subsurface professionals who are interested in using seismic interpretation for their work or interact with seismic interpreters in their companies.

This 2D and 3D Seismic Interpretation training course is suitable to a wide range of professionals but will greatly benefit:

  • Petroleum Geologists
  • Sedimentologists and stratigraphers
  • Petrophysicists
  • Basin modellers
  • Geophysicists
  • Reservoir and drilling engineers

How will this Training Course be Presented?

How will this Training Course be Presented?

The training course will be based on slide presentations for each module, together with team and individual exercises. There will also be sessions with real exploration examples to get participants a hands-on experience on the usage of seismic data. Exercises and examples include several geodynamic settings and participants will be able to evaluate, quantify and risk hydrocarbon accumulations.

Organisational Impact

Seismic interpretation is a key tool in the Oil and Gas industry, from early stages of exploration to production. As such the organizational impact of this course is reflected in:

  • Qualify staff with a key tool for the upstream industry  
  • Allow staff from different disciplines to have a common understanding of seismic data
  • Define company-wide seismic data standards
  • Boost staff capacity to correctly identify leads and prospects
  • Capacitate staff with skills to quantify and risk hydrocarbon accumulations
  • Refine the communication between geological evaluation and economic evaluation teams

Personal Impact

Seismic is the main source of subsurface data in the oil industry. Any Geoscientist or Engineer will need to at least be aware of its fundaments, uses and limitations. Personal impact includes:

  • Improve the knowledge on seismic data, how it is acquired, processed and interpreted.
  • Understand how faults, horizons and other features are interpreted and used for hydrocarbon exploration and production
  • Develop skills in identifying hydrocarbon accumulations using seismic data.
  • Ability to quantify and risk hydrocarbon accumulations
  • Communicate more efficiently with other geoscience and engineering disciplines that use seismic data.
  • Understand the wonders of geology imaged in the subsurface by seismic data

Daily Agenda

Day One: Introduction to Seismic Data

  • History of seismic studies
  • The seismic method
    • Rock properties
    • Wave propagation, reflection, and refraction of seismic waves, reflectivity, impedance
    • Data acquisition – Land and Marine
  • Other geophysical methods
    • Gravimetry
    • Magnetics
    • Electro magnetics 
  • Seismic data processing overview
    • Conventional pre-stack processing and CMP gathers
    • Post-stack processing
    • Seismic migration, velocity models. 
  • Calibration methods (well-tie)
    • Velocity surveys
    • Sonic logs
    • Synthetic seismograms
    • Vertical Seismic Profiles

Day Two: 2D and 3D Seismic Data Basics

  • 2D and 3D Seismic Data
    • Parameters, visualization, polarity
    • Seismic Data Libraries, public, private and licenses
    • Software
  • 2D and 3D interpretation techniques
    • Hard and soft events
    • Vertical exaggeration
    • Horizontal and Vertical slicing in 3D data
    • Seismic horizons – stratal interface, fluid contacts and non-geological horizons 
  • Quantitative interpretation geophysics
    • Acoustic impedance and inversion
    • AVO and pseudo-gradient
    • RMS amplitude
    • Spectral decomposition
    • Other methods

Day Three: Faults and Structure Interpretation

  • Fault interpretation
    • Introduction to fault interpretation
  • Structural styles
    • Rift basins
    • Compressional domains
    • Salt tectonics
    • Strike-slip faults
  • Mapping faults in 2D data
    • Faults in each seismic line
    • Connecting faults from different seismic lines
    • Building fault planes
  • Mapping faults in 3D data
    • Mapping faults in vertical and horizontal slices
    • Building fault planes
  • Structural models
    • Building a structural model
    • Visualization
    • Geometry, kinetics, geodynamics
    • Palinspastic Reconstructions

Day Four: Horizons and Stratigraphic Interpretation

  • Stratigraphic interpretation
    • Horizon interpretation techniques
    • Horizon attributes
    • Continuity and lateral variations
    • Unconformities and stratal terminations 
  • Seismic facies
    • Carbonate systems seismic facies
    • Siliciclastic systems seismic facies
    • Gross depositional environments 
  • Advanced stratigraphic interpretation
    • Wheeler diagrams
    • Seismic sequence stratigraphy

Day Five:  Petroleum Systems, Volumetrics and Risking

  • The petroleum system elements and processes
    • Reservoir
    • Seal
    • Source rock
    • Trap
    • Timing and migration
  • Mapping hydrocarbon accumulations
    • Structural traps
    • Stratigraphic traps
    • Mixed traps
  • Volumetrics
    • Leads, prospects, reserves, resources
    • Volumetric calculation methods
    • P10, P50, P90 and mean 
  • Risking
    • Risking methods and software
    • Evaluation of CoS, PoS
    • Incorporation of Geological risk into economic evaluations


  • On successful completion of this training course, a PetroKnowledge Certificate will be awarded to the delegates

In Association With

GLOMACS Training

Our collaboration with GLOMACS aims to provide the best training services and benefits for our valued clients

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Frequently Asked Questions

How can I register for a training course?

  • To register online through our website, please click “Enroll Now” on the course page, complete and submit the form. A confirmation e-mail and instructions will be sent to the participant’s e-mail.
  • You may also get in touch with our Registration Team on
    +971 50 981 7386 | +971 2 557 7389 or send an email to reg@petroknowledge.com

When and how do I arrange payments?

  • Payments can be made in USD or UAE local currency AED (Arab Emirates Dirhams) either by Bank Transfer or by Credit Card. Our Bank Account details will be provided on the invoice.
  • Course fees are payable upon booking unless a valid, authorized Purchase Order is provided and accepted.
  • Invoices will be sent via email/courier to the ID/name and address provided.
  • The course fee shall be settled prior to course start date. Corporate payments with existing payment policy shall be relayed to us in advance.

When should I expect to receive confirmation of registration?

Upon successful registration online, enrolment on the respective training course will be confirmed by Registration Team by e-mail along with the invoice and joining instruction.

Is there a discount for more than one registrant/course?

For corporate fees and group registration, please send your query to info@petroknowledge.com.

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All rights reserved. Any unauthorized copying, distribution, use, dissemination, downloading, storing (in any medium), transmission, reproduction or reliance in whole or any part of this course outline is prohibited and will constitute an infringement of copyright.

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