Gas Explosion and  Other Hazards of LNG Facilities

An Intensive 5-Day Online Training Course

Gas Explosion and
Other Hazards of LNG Facilities

Understanding the Principles of Multiple Hazards Associated with Fire and Explosions

Scheduled Dates

28 Oct - 01 Nov 2024 Online $3,950
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Why Choose this Training Course?

Why Choose this Online Training Course?

This PetroKnowledge online training course covers gas explosion hazards and other hazards encountered on LNG facilities. It addresses all aspects of hazards associated with vapor cloud explosions (VCEs): ignition processes, release and dispersion, explosion mechanisms, blast load and modeling of all these aspects.

It is essential for fire safety and risk management personnel to understand the principles of fires and explosions in order to determine how fires start and spread, and how explosions occur. Expert knowledge of hazardous area classification is also vital to enabling proper selection and installation of equipment to be used safely in hazardous LNG environments.

In this online training course, you will acquire comprehensive knowledge on the causes and properties of explosions, with an emphasis on those involving gases.

Through this online training course, you will:

  • Understand the properties of flammable and explosive materials as well as their ignition mechanisms
  • Discover how mechanical and system failures contribute to major accidents
  • Learn about common fire detectors, alarm systems and procedures
  • Understand the purpose of classifying hazardous areas, materials and temperature
  • Understand equipment protection plans
  • Understand LNG release and dispersion
  • Understand LNG safety regulations
  • Understand Explosion modelling
  • Understand Mitigation
  • Understand Preventive measures
  • Understand Consequence models and QRA methodology
  • Understand The oil and gas industry structure
  • Understand the LNG project lifecycle

What are the Goals?

What are the Goals?

The aim of this online training course is to provide the participants with the knowledge and skills to understand the various hazards of LNG Facilities and how to mitigate pro activate emergency response to incidents.

At the end of the online training course, delegates should achieve the following key learning outcomes:

  • Understand the basics and important parameters governing vapor cloud explosion (VCEs) and other known hazards
  • Be aware of release and accidents statistics and have knowledge of some important offshore accidents that have occurred
  • Understand the accident chain of events
  • Understand various preventive measures to reduce the occurrence of accidents and various mitigation and control techniques to reduce gas explosion consequences
  • Learn the various explosion modeling techniques that may be applied and understand the importance of using advanced 3D modeling for gas analysis
  • Learn the different gas explosion analyses methods and when they may be applied
  • Understand how gas explosion loads can be integrated with the responses of structures

Who is this Training Course for?

Who is this Online Training Course for?

This online training course is suitable for a wide range of professionals involved in managing Hazards and Risks on LNG Facilities including:

  • Safety engineers
  • Managers and other personnel involved in the design, operation or modification of an offshore oil and gas facility (platforms, FPSO's etc.)
  • Accident investigators
  • Representatives of governmental or public bodies involved in the development of offshore safety regulations
  • Anyone who would like to develop an understanding of hazards associated with LNG Facilities

How will this Training Course be Presented?

How will this Online Training Course be Presented?

This PetroKnowledge online training course will utilize a variety of proven online learning techniques to ensure maximum understanding, comprehension, retention of the information presented. The training course is conducted Online via an Advanced Virtual Learning Platform in the comfort of any location of your choice.

Organisational Impact

In addition to the professional development of staff, the organization should be able to prioritize resources to demonstrate that process risks are adequately controlled.

  • Detailed guidance on good / best practice techniques
  • Opportunity to evaluate good / best practice techniques through workshops
  • Understand the parameters governing LNG release and dispersion
  • Be aware of LNG release and accident statistics
  • Understand the parameters governing vapor cloud explosions (VCEs) and other hazards
  • Understand the accident chain of events

Personal Impact

Attendees will be able to apply skills learnt from this training at a practical level to identify sources of major hazards and to prioritize decisions for their control.

  • Understand the parameters governing LNG release and dispersion
  • Be aware of LNG release and accident statistics
  • Understand the parameters governing vapor cloud explosions (VCEs)
  • Understand the accident chain of events
  • Understand various preventive measures to reduce the occurrence of accidents and various mitigation and control techniques to reduce explosion consequences
  • Learn the various explosion modelling techniques that may be applied and understand the importance of using advance 3D modelling for LNG explosion analyses
  • Practical case studies and demonstration on the application of 3D modelling to LNG explosion safety

Daily Agenda

Day One: Determination of Course Goals & Introduction to LNG Gas Explosions

  • Introduction to the Fundamentals of LNG
  • LNG historical accidents – Cleveland explosion, Skikda LNG liquefaction facility explosion, other minor incidents
  • Gas explosion basics
  • LNG accident consequences models
  • Prevention and mitigation
  • Cryogenic spill hazards and protection

Day Two: Hazards

  • Gas explosion Hazards
  • Explosion risk analyses
  • Basic hazard identification methods – HAZID, release scenarios, potential for explosions
  • Dispersion models – passive/lighter than air, momentum jet, heavy gas and CFD techniques
  • Understanding FMEA and other tools for assessing Hazards
  • LNG Hazard and Risk Assessment
  • Risk Analysis and Safety Implications of a Large Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Spill Over Water

Day Three: Assessment and Analysis

  • LNG safety regulations – NFPA 59A, EN 1473
  • Hazard assessment methodologies – deterministic v probabilistic methods
  • Deterministic analyses – onshore liquefaction (export and truck-loading facilities)
  • Probabilistic analyses – onshore liquefaction
  • Probabilistic analyses – floating LNG (safety gaps, grated decks, layout examples)

Day Four: Mitigation

  • Explosion accidents: statistics and examples
  • (Class Activity) Explosion investigation of rough 47/3B platform
  • Release and dispersion in offshore facilities
  • Ignition sources
  • Preventative measures
  • Mitigation and control
    • Fires, including:
      • How do fires occur?
      • Characteristics of jet and pool fires
      • How fires cause damage and how the potential for damage can be assessed
      • Mitigation
    • Dispersion, including:
      • Characteristics of vapor dispersion following a liquid spill
      • Potential effects of delayed ignition
      • Gas accumulation within confined structures
      • Dispersion of releases in onshore and offshore facilities and from Pipelines
    • Explosions, including:
      • Mechanism for pressure generation in congested process regions
      • Effect of confinement and congestion on explosions
      • Deflagration to detonation transition
      • Methods for estimating explosion loading and mitigation

Day Five: Explosion Modelling

  • Explosion modelling – VCE, confined, semi-confined, vessel burst and dust explosions
  • Fire modelling – pool, jet, fireballs and assumptions
  • Application of results – inputs to risk analysis, QRA, LOPA etc. along with emergency response plans, escape and evacuation 
  • Explosion Risk Management:
    • Objective and motivation
    • Simple approach
    • Advanced approach
    • Selected analysis examples I
    • Selected analysis examples II
  • Explosion loading and structural response


  • On successful completion of this online training course, a PetroKnowledge E-Certificate will be awarded to the delegates

In Association With

GLOMACS Training

Our collaboration with GLOMACS aims to provide the best training services and benefits for our valued clients

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Frequently Asked Questions

How can I register for a training course?

  • To register online through our website, please click “Enroll Now” on the course page, complete and submit the form. A confirmation e-mail and instructions will be sent to the participant’s e-mail.
  • You may also get in touch with our Registration Team on
    +971 50 981 7386 | +971 2 557 7389 or send an email to

When and how do I arrange payments?

  • Payments can be made in USD or UAE local currency AED (Arab Emirates Dirhams) either by Bank Transfer or by Credit Card. Our Bank Account details will be provided on the invoice.
  • Course fees are payable upon booking unless a valid, authorized Purchase Order is provided and accepted.
  • Invoices will be sent via email/courier to the ID/name and address provided.
  • The course fee shall be settled prior to course start date. Corporate payments with existing payment policy shall be relayed to us in advance.

When should I expect to receive confirmation of registration?

Upon successful registration online, enrolment on the respective training course will be confirmed by Registration Team by e-mail along with the invoice and joining instruction.

Is there a discount for more than one registrant/course?

For corporate fees and group registration, please send your query to

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All rights reserved. Any unauthorized copying, distribution, use, dissemination, downloading, storing (in any medium), transmission, reproduction or reliance in whole or any part of this course outline is prohibited and will constitute an infringement of copyright.

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