API RP 571 & Advanced Damage Mechanisms  and Material Investigation in the Refining  Petrochemical & Petroleum Industries

An Intensive 5-Day Training Course

API RP 571 & Advanced Damage Mechanisms
and Material Investigation in the Refining
Petrochemical & Petroleum Industries

(API Exam Preparation Training)

Scheduled Dates

18 - 22 Dec 2023 Dubai - UAE $5,950
29 Jul - 02 Aug 2024 Dubai - UAE $5,950
16 - 20 Dec 2024 Dubai - UAE $5,950
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Why Choose this Training Course?

Damage mechanisms identification, meaning first of all, understanding what kind of damage morphology to be expected in given operating environment, as well as understanding the root cause of the morphology of the damage is the key to the proper implementation of API RP 571 & Advanced Damage Mechanisms and Material Investigation in the Refining, Petrochemical & Petroleum Industries (API Exam Preparation Training). Furthermore, a proper implementation of any kind of risk-based or risk-informed initiative, such as RBI per API RP 580, ASME PCC-3 or API RP 581 is heavily dependent on expert understanding of the damage potential of the process and prediction of the damage state of the equipment in the future. For the damage found, an FFS assessment using API RP 579/ASME FFS-1 is explicitly requiring that the owner/user provide damage type and damage rate as most important input for equipment qualification and assessment of the equipment remaining life.

During the training course, numbers of damage mechanisms will be explained in the systematic manner as presented in the code (API RP 571). Critical factors for each damage mechanism are elaborated; this knowledge can be utilized in practice to establish proper Integrity Operating Windows or create Corrosion Control Documents, for example.  Basic prevention, inspection, and on-line monitoring methods are explored for each damage mechanism.

This PetroKnowledge training course will highlight:

  • General damage mechanisms applicable to all industries
  • Oil & Gas and Petrochemical specific damage mechanisms
  • Understanding of the basic processes and the related damage mechanisms
  • Provide basis for informed corrosion control documentation, Integrity Operating Windows (IOWs)

What are the Goals?

By the end of this API RP 571 & Advanced Damage Mechanisms and Material Investigation in the Refining, Petrochemical & Petroleum Industries (API Exam Preparation Training) training course, participants will learn to:

  • Understand general damage mechanisms applicable to the industry and be able to identify their features and function
  • Recognize and be aware of the mechanical and metallurgical failure mechanisms related to the brittle fracture and material embrittlement, creep and stress rupture, thermal and mechanical fatigue, as well as most prevalent problems such as corrosion
  • Identify refining industry damage mechanisms on uniform or localized loss thickness and explain the various types of corrosion related to it
  • Be aware of the conditions for and morphology of high-temperature damage mechanisms such as oxidation, sulfidation, carburization, metal dusting, high temperature hydrogen attack (HTHA) and decarburization, among others
  • Understand the document background, scope, organization, and limitation in use of API RP 571
  • Appreciate the need of further in-depth study for each damage mechanism for the practical implementation in the day-to-day-work

Who is this Training Course for?

This API RP 571 & Advanced Damage Mechanisms and Material Investigation in the Refining, Petrochemical & Petroleum Industries (API Exam Preparation Training) training course is aimed at engineers and personnel that is involved in designing, operating, maintaining, repairing, inspecting, and analyzing pressure vessels, piping, tanks and pipelines for safe operations in the refining, petrochemical and other related industries. 

  • Experienced Maintenance Personnel
  • Corrosion/Material Engineers; Corrosion Managers/Technicians
  • Asset Integrity Engineers
  • Maintenance Managers
  • Mechanical and Process Engineers
  • Inspectors
  • Designers

How will this Training Course be Presented?

This training combines lectures teaching the theory and explaining the background of the damage mechanisms, and then link it to the operational conditions found in the typical petrochemical / refining plant. The lectures are accompanied and illustrated by real-life examples and, in a few cases, first-hand experience of the trainer, giving unique transition from theory to practice. Further, the practical workshops will allow the participants to try to combine own professional knowledge and experience with the newly acquired knowledge during the course in order to be able to solve practical problems.

Organisational Impact

The organization will increase the professional level of their maintenance and operation excellence, and, ideally achieve the following goals:

  • Technical excellence in understanding the state of the plant
  • Technical excellence and application of the state-of-the-art methods in inspection planning
  • Systemic approach to the maintenance in terms of understanding the damage source and monitoring/inspection techniques
  • Increased safety and asset reliability
  • Optimal life-cycle utilization of the fixed assets
  • Economic benefits in form of optimal RoI from capital assets

Personal Impact

The API RP 571 & Advanced Damage Mechanisms and Material Investigation in the Refining, Petrochemical & Petroleum Industries (API Exam Preparation Training) training course participants will gain basic understanding of the various damage mechanisms present in process industry, as well as understand the interaction between the material of construction, operating environment, process fluid and operating parameters.

At the end of this PetroKnowledge training course, the participants will be able to match the inspection and mitigation strategies to the true state of equipment, as well as to be able to recognize the morphology of the damage as such. Participants will gain sufficient knowledge and topic understanding for the successful completion of the API 571 Exam. This certification might put you in the narrow circle of several thousand specialists world-wide.

Daily Agenda

Day One: Introduction, Materials, and General Damage Mechanisms

  • API RP 571 and links to ASME PCC-3, API 580/581
  • Materials of construction and their applicability
  • Steels -- Carbon Steel; Cast Iron; C-Mo Steel; Cr-Mo Steels
  • Stainless Steels and Duplex steels
  • Standards and other references; Terms, Symbols and Abbreviations; Mechanical and Metallurgical Failure Mechanisms
  • Brittle Fracture
  • Temper Embrittlement
  • 885°F (475°C) Embrittlement
  • Sigma Phase Embrittlement
  • Graphitization
  • Softening (Spheroidization)
  • Strain Ageing
  • Creep and Stress Rupture
  • Short Term Overheating – Stress Rupture, including Steam Blanketing
  • Thermal Fatigue
  • Thermal Shock
  • Mechanical Fatigue including Vibration-Induced Fatigue
  • Dissimilar Metal Weld (DMW) Cracking
  • Erosion/Erosion – Corrosion
  • Cavitation
  • Refractory Degradation
  • Stress Relaxation Cracking - Reheat Cracking
  • Gaseous Oxygen-Enhanced Ignition and Combustion

Day Two: General Damage Mechanisms - Uniform or Localized Loss of Thickness/corrosion

  • Introduction to basic Corrosion Mechanisms
  • Galvanic Corrosion
  • Concentration Cell Corrosion (crevice/under deposit/differential aeration cell)
  • Oxygenated Water Corrosion
  • Brine Corrosion
  • Atmospheric Corrosion
  • Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI)
  • Microbiologically Induced Corrosion (MIC)
  • Soil Corrosion
  • Cooling Water Corrosion
  • Boiler Water Condensate Corrosion
  • CO2 Corrosion
  • Hydrochloric Acid (HCl) Corrosion
  • Flue-Gas Dew-Point Corrosion
  • Caustic Corrosion
  • Dealloying
  • Graphitic Corrosion

Day Three: High Temperature Corrosion and Environment-Assisted Cracking

  •  Oxidation
  • Sulfidation
  • Carburization
  • Metal Dusting
  • Decarburization
  • Nitriding
  • Fuel Ash Corrosion
  • Chloride Stress Corrosion Cracking (Cl-SCC)
  • Caustic Stress Corrosion Cracking (Caustic Embrittlement)
  • Ammonia Stress Corrosion Cracking
  • Ethanol Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC)
  • Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE)
  • Corrosion Fatigue
  • Liquid Metal Embrittlement (LME)

Day Four: Refining damage mechanisms 

  • Basics of Refining Processes
  • Amine Corrosion
  • Ammonium Bisulfide Corrosion (Alkaline Sour Water)
  • Ammonium Chloride Corrosion
  • High Temp H2/H2S Corrosion
  • Hydrofluoric (HF) Acid Corrosion
  • Naphthenic Acid Corrosion (NAC)
  • Sour Water Corrosion (Acidic)
  • Aqueous Organic Acid Corrosion
  • Phenol (Carbolic Acid) Corrosion
  • Phosphoric Acid Corrosion
  • Sulfuric Acid Corrosion
  • Amine Stress Corrosion Cracking
  • Carbonate Stress Corrosion Cracking (ACSCC)

Day Five: Refining damage mechanisms, Process PFDs, IOWs

  • Polythionic Acid Stress Corrosion Cracking (PASCC)
  • Wet H2S Damage (Blistering/HIC/SOHIC/SSC)
  • Hydrogen Stress Cracking - HF
  • Hydrofluoric Acid SCC of Nickel Alloys
  • High Temperature Hydrogen Attack (HTHA)
  • Titanium Hydriding
  • Wrap-up of Refining Damage mechanisms; comparison and coverage in API 581
  • Process Unit PFDs
  • Proposed IOWs, link to the damage mechanisms


  • On successful completion of this training course, a PetroKnowledge Certificate will be awarded to the delegates

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I register for a training course?

  • To register online through our website, please click “Enroll Now” on the course page, complete and submit the form. A confirmation e-mail and instructions will be sent to the participant’s e-mail.
  • You may also get in touch with our Registration Team on
    +971 50 981 7386 | +971 2 557 7389 or send an email to reg@petroknowledge.com

When and how do I arrange payments?

  • Payments can be made in USD or UAE local currency AED (Arab Emirates Dirhams) either by Bank Transfer or by Credit Card. Our Bank Account details will be provided on the invoice.
  • Course fees are payable upon booking unless a valid, authorized Purchase Order is provided and accepted.
  • Invoices will be sent via email/courier to the ID/name and address provided.
  • The course fee shall be settled prior to course start date. Corporate payments with existing payment policy shall be relayed to us in advance.

When should I expect to receive confirmation of registration?

Upon successful registration online, enrolment on the respective training course will be confirmed by Registration Team by e-mail along with the invoice and joining instruction.

Is there a discount for more than one registrant/course?

For corporate fees and group registration, please send your query to info@petroknowledge.com.

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All rights reserved. Any unauthorized copying, distribution, use, dissemination, downloading, storing (in any medium), transmission, reproduction or reliance in whole or any part of this course outline is prohibited and will constitute an infringement of copyright.

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